Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to produce real-time images of the body. The new, smaller ultrasound machines are being used to assist Sports Medicine Physicians and Orthopaedists in evaluations and injections of different muscles, tendons, ligaments and joints. This has allowed treating clinicians to be able to use real time, point of care ultrasound, to aid in the diagnostics and treatment of their patients. Although ultrasound is frequently used to identify injuries or abnormalities, it is used when performing injections into the knee, shoulder and hip.
Injections can be beneficial for both the diagnostic and therapeutic treatment of a variety of problems involving the hip, shoulder and knee including osteoarthritis, rheumtoid arthritis, labral tears, jmuscle tears, and ligament tears. Injections have been used in the management of inflammatory and degenerative conditions when rest, ice and anti-inflammatory medications fail to provide necessary relief. The use of ultrasound improves the accuracy of the injection and for joint aspirations to rule out joint infection or gout. Ultrasound allows the practitioner to visualize the bony structure as well as the surrounding structures and it emits no radiation.
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